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Here’s your 2014 state-to-state idling guide, compiled from Land Line Magazine state legislative coverage, EPA, American Transportation Research Institute and updated by the Land Line staff.

Keep it handy.

ARIZONA Maricopa County
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• $100 first violation
• $300 second and subsequent violations
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic or adverse weather conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• HOS compliance
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

CALIFORNIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Minimum $300
Subsequent penalties $1,000 to $10,000 per day of violation
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Queuing beyond 100 feet of residential units
• Adverse weather conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency vehicles
• California low-NOx idling compliant trucks

Auburn
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• Prohibits reefer operation within 1,000 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading
FINES
• Driver given a warning on first offense, followed by a $50 fine and criminal penalties for
all subsequent offenses.
• Owner of a reefer is subject to a warning on the first offense, followed by a $100 minimum and a $200 minimum for all subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS:
• Traffic conditions/control
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop
• Operate intermittent equipment
• Alternatively fueled vehicles
• Attainment areas where air meets EPA quality standards
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown and not to exceed 3-5 minutes.

Sacramento
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• Prohibits reefer operation within 100 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading
FINES
• Not less than $100 and not more than $25,000 per violation
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/control
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

Placer County
(NE of Sacramento)
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• Prohibits reefer operation within 1,000 feet of residential or school areas unless loading or unloading
FINES
• $50 minimum
• Owner of a reefer is subject to a warning on the first offense, followed by a $100 minimum and a $200 minimum for all subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/control
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop
• Operate intermittent equipment
• Alternatively fueled vehicles
• Attainment areas where air meets EPA quality standards
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown and not to exceed 3-5 minutes.

COLORADO Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
• 20 minutes in any 1-hour period when temperature is below 10 degrees
FINES
• Not more than $150 for the 1st offense or a fine of not more than $500 for a second or subsequent offense and by a surcharge of $20
EXEMPTIONS
• Highway traffic
• Law enforcement emergency
• Required maintenance
• Local, state, or federal inspection
• Safety reasons
• Operation of power take-off equipment
• HOS compliance at truck/rest stop or area legally permitted to park at least 1,000 feet from residence, school, daycare, hospital or senior citizen center

Aspen
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• First offense, $50 ticket
Limit on fines is $1,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Safety reasons
• To achieve an engine temperature of 120 degrees and an air pressure of 100 pounds per square inch

Basalt
TIME LIMIT
• 2 minutes
FINES
• N/A
EXEMPTIONS
• Safety reasons
• To achieve an engine temperature of 120 degrees and an air pressure of 100 pounds per square inch
• Emergency vehicles

City and County of Denver
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• Not more than $150 for first offense and a surcharge of $20
• Not more than $500 for subsequent offenses and a surcharge of $20
EXEMPTIONS
• Less than 20 degrees for previous 24-hour period
• Less than 10 degrees
• Emergency vehicles
• Traffic conditions
• Being serviced
• Auxiliary equipment

Greenwood Village
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any residential district
FINES
• Minimum of $35 and maximum of $499

Mountain Village
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• First offense: no less than $50, no more than $100
• Second offense: no less than $100, no more than $300
• Third and subsequent convictions: $300, imprisonment in county jail for no more than 90 days or both
EXEMPTIONS
• Safety reasons
• Time required to achieve a proper temperature and air pressure
• Emergency vehicles

Telluride
TIME LIMIT
• 30 seconds
• 3 minutes in cold weather
FINES
• N/A
EXEMPTIONS
• Perform a function for which the vehicle is designed

Vail
TIME LIMIT
• 20 minutes within the town limits
• 0 minutes for unattended vehicles
FINES
• Less than $2,650
EXEMPTIONS
• Unattended refrigeration vehicles in the Lionshead mixed-use 1, Lionshead mixed-use 2, commercial core 1 or commercial core 2 zone districts of the town
Winter Park
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• Less than $2,650, Less than 1 year imprisonment or both
EXEMPTIONS
• N/A

CONNECTICUT Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
• Varies depending on nature of the violation
• Not more than $10,000 per day
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Ensure safety or health of driver/passengers
• Auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Less than 20 degrees
• Maintenance
• Queuing to access military installation
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

Branford
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes on a residential premise or on a town road next to residential premises
FINE
• Not to exceed $50; each 30 minutes such violation reoccurs after the initial violation or any subsequent violations shall constitute a new violation

Mansfield
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes on or next to a residential premise
FINE
• Not to exceed $88

Norwalk
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
• Not to exceed $99
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Less than 20 degrees
• Maintenance
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

Windsor
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes when parked on or next to a residential premise
FINE
• Not to exceed $25, each day such violation continues after the correction of the violation has been given in an order shall constitute a continuing violation, and the FINE shall be $50 for each day the violation continues

DELAWARE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees
• No limit if less than minus 10 degrees
FINES
• $50 to $500 per offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Repair
• Emergency vehicles
• Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff
• Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment
• Vehicle safety inspections
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

Newark
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
• 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees
• No limit if less than minus 10 degrees
• 15 minutes if above 80 degrees with verifiable medical condition
• 15 minutes if above 90 degrees if providing comfort of those over 65 years of age or under the age of 6
FINES
• First offense: warning
• Second and subsequent offenses: $100 within five years of first offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Repair
• Emergency vehicles
• Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff
• Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment
• Vehicle safety inspections

Wilmington
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 30 minutes if vehicle at the operator’s place of business where the vehicle is permanently assigned
• 15 minutes if vehicle has been stopped for more three hours or more
FINES
• First offense: No less than $20 nor more than $110 or imprisoned for not less than 10 days or both
• Subsequent offenses: Not less than $60 nor more than $210 or imprisoned not less than 15 days nor more than 30 days or both
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Repair
Emergency vehicles
• Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff
• Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment
• Vehicle safety inspections

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 5 minutes if less than 32 degrees
FINES
• $1,000 ticket
EXEMPTIONS
• Power takeoff

FLORIDA
Repealed effective 2/16/2012

GEORGIA
Atlanta
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
• 25 minutes if below 32 degrees for passenger comfort/safety
FINES
• $500 minimum
EXEMPTIONS
• To perform needed work
• Traffic conditions
• Natural gas or electric vehicles

HAWAII Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes for startup/cooldown
FINES
• $25 to $2,500 per day; each day of each violation constitutes a separate offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Adjustment or repair
• Auxiliary equipment or power takeoff
• At start-up and cooldown for more than 3 minutes

IDAHO
Ketchum
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
• First offense: written warning
• Second offense: $25
• Third and subsequent offenses: $52
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Inspections
• Repairs
• Auxiliary equipment or power takeoff
• Safety reasons
• Recharge a battery or other energy storage unit of a hybrid vehicle/equipment
• Operate equipment that runs intermittently

ILLINOIS
Cities of Aux Sable, Goose Lake, and Oswego
Counties of Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Clair, Monroe
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes within any 60-minute period
• 30 minutes within any 60-minute period: waiting to weigh, load or unload freight when less than 32 degrees or more than 80 degrees
FINES
• $90 first conviction
• $500 for second and subsequent convictions in a 12-month period
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent a safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Service or repair
• Government inspection
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Queuing
• Idle-reduction technologies

Chicago
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes in any 60-minute period
• No limit when less than
32 degrees or more than
80 degrees
FINES
• $250
EXEMPTIONS
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Service or repair of government inspection
• Traffic conditions
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Mechanical difficulties
• Exhaust filter (DPR) regeneration
• Emergency vehicles

Evanston
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in 60-minute period
FINES
• $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent a safety or health emergency
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Emergency vehicles
• Mechanical difficulties
• Service or repair of government inspection
• Maintenance, service and repairs
• Power auxiliary equipment

Westmont
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes
FINE
• $50 for 1st offense, $150 for 2nd offense within 24-month period; and $300 for third and subsequent offenses within 24-month period
EXEMPTIONS
• School buses
• Prevent a safety or health emergency
• Maintenance, service and repairs
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Traffic conditions
• Loading/unloading
• Mechanical difficulties
• Emergency vehicles

KANSAS
Counties of Johnson and Wyandotte
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 30 minutes in any 60-minute period while waiting to load or unload
FINES
• N/A
EXEMPTIONS
• Road traffic or signals or by law enforcement officer
• While operating heaters, defrosters, air conditioners, safety lights or other equipment for safety or health reasons and not part of a rest period
• State or federal inspection
• Mechanical difficulties over
• Sleeper berth during a government-mandated rest period
• Maintenance, servicing, repairs or diagnostic purposes
• To operate auxiliary equipment
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes

MAINE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any one-hour period
• 15 minutes per hour if temperature is between zero and 32 degrees
FINES
• $25 to $500 for first offense
• $150 to $500 FINES for each subsequent offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Zero degrees or colder
• Traffic conditions
• Operation of defrosters, heaters or A/C to prevent safety or health emergency
• Operation of heaters or A/C while waiting to load/unload
• Maintenance, servicing, repair or diagnostics
• State or federal inspections
• Emergency vehicles
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within 30 days

MARYLAND Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $500
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Heating, cooling and auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer’s specifications*
• Accomplish intended use
* Applies to engine warm-up and cooldown.

MASSACHUSETTS Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $100 for first offense
• Not more than $500 for each subsequent offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Being serviced
• Delivery for which power is needed and alternatives unavailable
• Associate power needed and alternatives unavailable

Editor’s note: As of press time, a bill is in the Massachusetts statehouse that would reduce idling time to 2 minutes per hour.

MICHIGAN
Detroit
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in a 60-minute period
FINES
• First offense: written warning
• Second and subsequent offenses: $150 to operator and/or $500 to owner
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Emergency vehicles
• If the vehicle is motionless for more than two hours and the temperature is less than 25 degrees
• State inspections
• Hybrid vehicle recharging or alternative fuel powered vehicles
• Electric, hydrogen or natural gas-powered vehicles

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in a 60-minute period
• No shipper or receiver may cause a truck to idle longer than 30 minutes in any 60-minute period while waiting or in the act of loading or unloading
FINES
• $700 maximum; violations may be punishable as a criminal offense only if there are repeat offenses within a 2-year period
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions or compliance with traffic signals or signs
• Operation of defrosters, heaters or A/C to prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repair or diagnostics
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during rest or sleep periods
• A/C or heat in an occupied vehicle waiting to load or unload
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted within a specific number of days
• Power auxiliary equipment

Owatonna
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes each 5 hours in residential areas
FINES
• $1,000 maximum and/or 90 days of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• None

MISSOURI
Counties of Clay, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Platte, St. Charles, St. Louis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any hour
• 30 minutes per hour when waiting to load or unload
FINES
• Fees can range from $0-$10,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent safety/health emergency
• Emergency purposes
• Maintenance/repair
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• During government-mandated rest periods
• Mechanical difficulties
• APUs

City of St. Louis
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any hour
• 10 minutes if less than
32 degrees
FINES
• Up to $100
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Power for auxiliary purposes
• Traffic or adverse weather conditions
• Repair or diagnostics
• Engaged in the delivery of goods

St. Louis County
TIME LIMIT
• 3 consecutive minutes
FINES
• Maximum $1,000 and/or
1 year of imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Operating a loading, unloading, or processing device
• Emergency vehicles

MONTANA
Lewis and Clark County
TIME LIMIT
• 2 hours in any 12-hour period when Health Department declares a “poor” stage for air quality
FINES:
• First offense: less than $50
• Second offense: less than $75
• Third and subsequent offenses: less than $100

NEVADA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• First offense: $100 to $500
• Second offense: $500 to $1,000
• Third offense: $1,000 to $1,500
• Fourth and subsequent offenses (within a three-year period): $1,500 to $2,500
EXEMPTIONS
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Maintenance at repair facility
• Emission contained and treated per commission
• To perform specific task

Clark County (including Las Vegas)
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $10,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Emission contained and treated per control officer
• To perform a specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility

Washoe County (including Reno)
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
• First offense: less than $500
• Second offense: more than $500, less than $1,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traveling on public rights-of-way
• To perform specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility

NEW HAMPSHIRE Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes if more than
32 degrees
• 15 minutes if 32 degrees to minus 10 degrees
• No limit if below minus 10
FINES
• To be determined
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency vehicles
• Power takeoff or heat/cool passengers
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• Less than 10 degrees

NEW JERSEY Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 15 minutes if stopped for 3 or more hours and less than
25 degrees
FINES
• First offense: $100
• Second offense: $200
• Third offense: $500
• Subsequent offenses: $1,500
• Penalties for commercial vehicle and property owner
• First offense: $250
• Second offense: $500
• Subsequent offenses: $1,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Mechanical operations
• Waiting or being inspected
• Performing emergency services
• Being repaired or serviced
• Auxiliary power unit/generator set, bunk heaters etc.
• Sleeper berth with 2007 or newer engine or diesel particulate filter

NEW YORK Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Not less than $500 but not more than $18,000 for first offense
• Not more than $22,500 for subsequent offenses
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Auxiliary power or maintenance
• Emergency vehicles
• Within mines or quarries
• Parked for more than 2 hours and less than 25 degrees
• State inspections
• Farm vehicles
• Construction, lumbering, oil or gas well serving

Larchmont and Mamaroneck
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINE
• N/A
EXEMPTIONS
• Temperature less than
40 degrees
• Emergency vehicle
• Engine being used to operate a loading or unloading or processing device

New Rochelle
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• First offense: Up to $50 and/or 15 days in jail
• Second offense: Up to $100 and/or 45 days in jail
• Third and subsequent offenses (within 18 months): Up to $250 and/or 90 days in jail
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws

New York City
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
• 1 minute if adjacent to a public school
FINES
• First offense: not less than $220 or more than $1,000
years): $330-$1,500
• Third and subsequent offenses (within 2 years): $440 to $2,000
If Department of Environmental Protection issues the violation:
First offense: $300-$1,000
Second offense: $460-$1,500
Third and subsequence offenses: $620-$2,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Operate loading, unloading or processing device

Peace Bridge (U.S.-Canada border; Niagara)
TIME LIMIT
No idling
FINE
NA
EXEMPTIONS
NA

Rockland County
TIME LIMIT
• 3 consecutive minutes
FINES
• First offense: not more than $250 and/or 15 days in jail
• Second and subsequent offenses: not more than $1,000 and/or 15 days in jail
EXEMPTIONS
• NA

Saratoga Springs
TIME LIMIT
5 minutes
FINE
Up to $250 per instance and imprisonment not to exceed 15 days
EXEMPTIONS
Vehicles forced to remain motionless because of conditions
Vehicles complying with federal, state or local regulations
Vehicles left idling in order to maintain temperature within the vehicle necessary for the health of the driver/passengers
Operation of PTO

Westchester County
TIME LIMIT
3 minutes
FINE
NA
EXEMPTIONS
Traffic conditions
Passenger comfort
Auxiliary or maintenance purpose
Mining and quarrying
Hybrid-electric vehicle providing energy for the battery

NORTH CAROLINA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 consecutive minutes in any hour
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Manufacturer’s recommendations
• Auxiliary power units
• California low-NOx idling label
• Safety or health emergency
• Heavy-duty farm vehicles

OHIO
Cleveland
Time
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 10 minutes per hour at loading docks or loading areas
• 10 minutes per hour if less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeping or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies

Maple Heights
Time
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 10 minutes per hour at loading docks or loading areas
• 10 minutes per hour if less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Emergency vehicles
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeping or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies

South Euclid
Time
• 0 minutes
• 20 minutes per hour during loading and/or unloading
• No limit when less than 32 degrees or more than 85 degrees
FINES
• First offense: $50
• Second and subsequent offenses (in a 12-month period): $150
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Service or repair
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Sleeper or resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Idle-reduction technologies
• Queuing
• Prevent safety or health hazard
• Emergency vehicles

OREGON Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 30 minutes if waiting to or in the act of loading or unloading
• No idling near schools, regardless of temperature
FINES
• $180 maximum
EXEMPTIONS
• Auxiliary power units and generator sets
• Cargo temperature control to maintain cargo
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Mechanical difficulties
• Operating defrosting, heating or air conditioners
• Installing equipment to comply with manufacturer’s specifications
• Installing equipment to comply with state or local safety regulations
• Emergency vehicles
• Maintenance, service, repair or diagnostic purposes for particulate matter trap regeneration
• Power work-related operations
• Temperatures below 50 degrees or above 75 degrees during rest or sleep period or while waiting to load or unload
• State or federal inspections

Ashland
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• $500 maximum and/or no more than 60 days imprisonment
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• To operate equipment used to load or unload
• Emergency vehicles

PENNSYLVANIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 60-minute period
• 15 minutes an hour if sampling, weighing, or loading or unloading
FINES
• $150 to $300 per offense plus civil penalties up to $1000
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergencies
• Comply with manufacturer’s specifications
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance or repair
• Federal or state inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Security inspections entering or exiting a facility
• Mechanical difficulties
• Vehicles with CARB low-NOx idle labels
• Temperatures below 40 degrees or above 75 degrees during rest or sleep period

Allegheny County
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• 20 minutes per hour if less than 40 degrees or more than 75 degrees
FINES
• First offense: warning
• Second offense: $100
• Third and subsequent offenses: $500
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Cooldown/warm-up per manufacturer’s recommendations
• Sleeping/resting in truck
• Safety inspections
• Ensure safe operation
• Emergency vehicles
• Power accessory or service equipment
• Repair or diagnostics

City of Philadelphia
TIME LIMIT
• 2 minutes, or 0 minutes for layovers
• 5 minutes if less than 32 degrees
• 20 minutes if less than 20 degrees
FINES
• $150-$300
EXEMPTIONS
• None

RHODE ISLAND Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in any 1-hour period
• 15 minutes per hour when between zero and 32 degrees
• No limit when below zero
FINES
• First offense: not more than $100
• Second and subsequent offenses: not more than $500
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Ensure health or safety of driver/passengers
• Power work-related operations
• Manufacturer’s recommendations
• Maintenance, service, repair or diagnostics
• State or federal inspections
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Perform intended functions
• Auxiliary power unit/generator set

SOUTH CAROLINA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes in any 1-hour period
FINES
• $75 for each offense
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat during (a) rest or sleep periods; (b) less than 40 degrees or higher than 80 degrees; or (c) at rest areas, terminals, truck stops, or legal parking locations more than 500 ft. from homes or schools
• While waiting to load/unload

TENNESSEE
Chattanooga
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
• No limit when more than 500 feet from nearest residential, recreational, institutional, retail sales, hotel or educational premises
FINE
• NA
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions

TEXAS
Counties of Bastrop, Caldwell, Collin, Hays, Kaufman, Tarrant, Travis and Williamson

Cities of Arlington, Austin, Bastrop, Benbrook, Cedar Hill, Celina, Colleyville, Dallas, Elgin, Euless, Georgetown, Hurst, Hutto, Keene, Lake Worth, Lancaster, Little Elm, Lockhart, Luling, Mabank, McKinney, Mesquite, North Richland Hills, Pecan Hill, Round Rock, Rowlett, San Marcos, University Park and Westlake
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes
FINES
• Varies by jurisdiction
EXEMPTIONS
• 14,000 pounds GVW or less
• Equipped with 2008 or newer engine or liquefied/compressed natural gas engine certified by EPA to emit no more than 30 grams of NOx emissions per hour when idling
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement
• To perform needed work
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• HOS compliance beyond 2 miles of available external heat or A/C connection

UTAH
Park City
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
• First, second and third offenses: warning
• Fourth and subsequent offenses: $30-$110
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency situations
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Repair or inspection
• Health or safety (includes temperatures below 32 and above 90)
• Manufacturer’s specifications

Salt Lake County
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes
FINES
First, second and third offenses: warning
• Fourth and subsequent offenses: up to $1,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Reefer unit if more than 500 feet from any residence
• To heat/cool sleeper-berth if more than 500 feet from any residence
• Emergency vehicles

Salt Lake City
TIME LIMIT
• 2 minutes
FINES
• First, second and third offenses: warning
Fourth and subsequent offenses: $15-125
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic controls
• Law enforcement
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Vehicle inspection
• Testing, service, maintenance or diagnostics
• Manufacturer specifications
• Power auxiliary equipment
• Housing service animals
No limit to operate air conditioner or heater with temperatures below 32 or above 90

VERMONT Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 5 minutes in a hour
FINES
• First offense: no more than $10
• Second offense: no more than $50
• Third and subsequent offenses: no more than $100
EXEMPTIONS
• Emergency vehicles
• Rest-period idling
• Traffic conditions
• Health or safety of vehicle occupant
• Operate safety equipment
• Power work-related operations
• Maintenance, service, repair

Burlington
TIME LIMIT
• 3 minutes
FINES
$10 FINE
• If 30 days or more an additional $13
• If 90 days or more an additional $24
EXEMPTIONS
• Reefers
• Repair of vehicle
• Install, maintain, or repair equipment or infrastructure
• Health and safety of driver or passenger

VIRGINIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 10 minutes
FINES
• Not more than $25,000
EXEMPTIONS
• Auxiliary power other than heating or A/C

WASHINGTON
Spokane
TIME LIMIT
60 seconds while located in the Central Business District portion of the carbon monoxide nonattainment area
FINE
• NA
EXEMPTIONS
• Law enforcement and emergency vehicles
• Construction/demolition equipment at the site of such work when necessary for operation
• Power takeoff
• Repair or maintenance

WEST VIRGINIA Statewide
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes in any 60-minute period
FINES
• $150 to $300
EXEMPTIONS
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Comply with manufacturer’s specifications or federal or state safety regulations
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, particulate matter trap regeneration, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Security inspections when entering or exiting a facility
• Mechanical difficulties
• Sleeper berth A/C or heat when less than 40 degrees or higher than 75 degrees at legal parking locations
• Waiting for a police escort for a permitted load
• California low-NOx idling label
• Truck powered by clean diesel technology or biodiesel fuels
• When necessary to operate defrosters, heater, A/C or cargo reefer equipment

WISCONSIN
Madison
TIME LIMIT
• 15 minutes (only applies on State Street)
• No idling between 11:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. (only applies on State Street)
FINE
• First offense: $25-$200
• Second and subsequent offenses (within 12 months): $50-$200
EXEMPTIONS
• Temperatures below 40 or above 80
• Maintenance, construction or utility vehicles

WYOMING
Rawlins
TIME LIMIT
• 20 minutes for attended and unattended vehicles
• Unattended vehicles have 5 minutes from time of police arrival to shut off or move the vehicle
FINES
• All offenses, $60 bond
EXEMPTIONS
• When highway in/out of Rawlins is closed

This list is a compilation of information from: Land Line Magazine coverage; the American Trucking Research Institute (updated in January 2012); the EPA; and California Air Resources Board. This information is intended to be a general overview and may not be complete. It should not be relied upon as a complete source of state, county and local restrictions.